But what exactly does that mean?
We attended the CIHR Sex & Gender workshop, and this is what we learned!
What is the difference between sex & gender?
- Sex = biological characteristics
- Gender = cultural attitudes and behaviours
Why should you include considerations for sex & gender in your research?
- Sex and gender affect everyone
- Women are historically under-represented in health research
- Men’s health is not a proxy for women’s health
- It results in better science
How can you include sex & gender considerations in your research?
- Discuss the differences in disease prevalence
- Discuss relevant sex & gender research gaps
- If the objective includes both men & women, make that explicit
- Increase the sample size to allow for reporting of sex & gender differences
- Discuss gendered considerations in recruitment strategies
- Add a sex & gender question on your questionnaire
- Include sex & gender in your analysis strategy
- Customize your KT plan by sex & gender
There are many reasons why sex & gender considerations may not be applicable to your research question, such as when studying diseases that affect only one sex, addressing a significant gender gap in research, or when the data just isn’t available. However, a clear justification is necessary and creativity is encouraged.
- CIHR Reviewer Checklist
- CIHR Sex, Gender and Health Research
- Gendered Innovations
- SPARC Sex & Gender Considerations
- Tools for visualizing sex differences
By Heather Noga, Research Coordinator